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  • Recent Official Blog Posts

    • Rina Maria
      Hello and welcome to the Lenten Season, readers! 

      𝙽𝚎𝚠 𝙵𝚕𝚘𝚌𝚔 𝚘𝚏 𝙲𝚢𝚐𝚗𝚎𝚝𝚜
      A warm welcome to @EmilyJoy, @amj, @Mantis, and @Galadriel!
      𝚂𝚠𝚊𝚗 𝚂𝚌𝚘𝚞𝚝: 𝙰 𝙼𝚘𝚗𝚝𝚑𝚕𝚢 𝚁𝚎𝚙𝚘𝚛𝚝
      Thanks to the Catholic Harbor Elections, Theresian has new faux management! That is:
      House Governor: Princess Leia Organa @Mandy 2007
      House Senators: Captain America @KoalaTash, Faramir @ellieviola
      House Representatives: Ann Shirley @HallieMae
      Thank you to all who voted!
      @KoalaTash is kindly running monthly art contests! If anyone is interested in competing or sharing artwork, welcome!
      𝙸𝚗 𝚃𝚑𝚎 𝚂𝚙𝚘𝚝𝚕𝚒𝚐𝚑𝚝
      from @Mandy 2007 and @KoalaTash
      1. Why did you join the Theresian House? 
      I joined Theresian because of the focus on art and photography. However it turned out to be a super warm and friendly house as well, and I’m really happy I joined!!
      2. How long have you been in the Theresian house? 
      I joined in September of last year, so I’ve already been in Theresian for several months.
      3. What's your favorite part of the Theresian house? 
      My favorite part is the warm community we have! Everyone is so nice on Catholic Harbor, but there’s definitely something special about the Theresian House, it’s one of a kind!!
      4. Have you been to any other houses?
      Nope! I thought about each of the houses available, but I just had to go with Theresian, it was the perfect fit for me! I instead on staying here as long as I can, and am very grateful to be part of this wonderful house!
      5. What is something that made you really want to join Theresian? 
      The whole artistic aspect was very appealing for me, and I wanted to participate in more activities on Catholic Harbor, so it was literally a perfect match:)
      6. Do you have any words for anyone considering joining Theresian? 
      Come on over and check it out for yourself! There’s always plenty to do in Theresian, it’s such a fun and warm house! 
      7. What are you giving up for Lent? 
      Video games and internet, (including Catholic Harbor I’m afraid), but it’s only a little sacrifice compared to what some of the Saints gave up in Lent! Plus, I know I’ll be extra invigorated when I make my grand return at Easter;)
      8. What is your favorite part of Lent? 
      My favorite part about Lent is that it’s a chance to grow closer to God, and though sometimes the sacrifices are tough, it’s always nice to catch up on one’s prayer life.
      Sonnets by Swans
      By @Bluebird29!
      Thoughts in the Confession Line
      What comfort lies beyond this door?
      A chance to live just like before,
      With a heart that's good, and clean, and pure.
      Oh, Lord, how very good you are,
      To make my soul so clean once more.
      Sometimes, I'm too embarrassed to confess,
      I've a human heart that longs to impress,
      One that seeks pleasures, comfort, and success.
      My pride is too much to give it anything less,
      So the thought of admitting my wrongs, brings me stress.
      I know there's a priest behind this screen,
      And that I must talk to him, if I want to be clean.
      But what if he does not know what I mean,
      Or something else happens that I've unforeseen?
      I'm too scared to continue and face what might be.
      What if I've forgotten something I should say?
      Was it since my last confession, that I failed to obey,
      Wasn't there one morning that I forgot to pray?
      Should I examine longer and thus delay,
      My confession until another day?
      Lord, where are you?
      Can't you help my heart to bear?
      Ease my doubting mind, I pray!
      Grant me fortitude when my courage frays.
      Please send hope, to replace my despair.
      When I'm too embarrassed to confess,
      And I feel anxiety or distress,
      Remind me that I'm doing what is best,
      And that You will guide me through the steps,
      And get me safely to the other side.
      When I'm worried about talking to the priest,
      And my overall morale is greatly decreased.
      Remind me that he's acting in Persona Christi,
      And that You will guide his ears and speech,
      And get me safely to the other side.
      When I forget things that I thought I should mention,
      And I'm filled with fear and trepidation,
      Remind me that it was not my intention,
      And that You will still absolve me, no matter what I'm forgetting,
      And get me safely to the other side.
      So with these things in mind,
      I'll come and confess to You.
      And beg for Your forgiveness,
      To make my soul like new.
      So please fill my heart with strength, Lord.
      To say with truth each and every word.
      And after the cleanliness of my soul is restored,
      Charge Saint Michael to guard me with his sword,
      So that with Your holy Law I may stay in accord.
      And be Your little child for now and forever more
      𝙸𝚗 𝙵𝚘𝚌𝚞𝚜
      By @Isabel


      Flowers are one of my favorite things to photograph; especially roses. These roses were at a Home Depot in San Jose. It is necessary to have good lighting for photographing flowers, because this will bring out their vivid colors. It can sometimes be difficult to get the camera to focus on the flower, because they are often surrounded by leaves and the camera may try to focus on those. Editing flower pictures can enhance the vividness of the colors or make the photo brighter, but editing is often not necessary, because flower pictures usually look brilliant anyways when they are taken well. I chose roses as a theme for this month's In Focus because of St. Valentine's Day. <3
      𝙿𝚒𝚌𝚝𝚞𝚛𝚎 𝙿𝚎𝚛𝚏𝚎𝚌𝚝
      Here we have a beautiful arrangement by @KoalaTash!

      What might have been your typical sidewalk shot is elevated with the symmetry of the shell arrangements and the light salmon/gray color combo. On top of that, the lighting is intriguing, with a shadow cast across the foreground.
      𝙷𝚞𝚖𝚘𝚛 𝚁𝚞𝚖𝚘𝚛

      𝙷𝚒𝚍𝚍𝚎𝚗 𝙼𝚎𝚕𝚘𝚍𝚒𝚎𝚜
      by @The Horse Enthusiast
      Hello! Welcome back! I hope you all are having a good beginning to your Lenten season. For this issue, I decided to share the very first song I wrote a while back. This song is titled Someone Gotta Save Me Now, written about a soul who is struggling and going through a dark point in their spiritual life. One of the great struggles the soul is fighting with is Scrupulosity. Scrupulosity is an obstacle that can keep one away from God. I know from my own experience. But the things I've learned is you have to trust God and ignore the thoughts and doubts  that keep coming into the brain. Because if you let them have power over you, they can can take over. It very hard to over come Scrupulosity but with God's help, a person can overcome anything. I wrote the song when I was struggling severely with Scrupulosity but I've learned a bunch since then. The season we are in now, the Lenten season,  is a special time to go closer to God and go stronger in your spiritual life especially against dangers such as Scrupulosity.   I hope you enjoy the song and have a wonderful Lenten season. God Bless! 
      I feel the darkness closing in,
      I feel my worries weighing in,
      I feel my soul fading,
      I’m drowning
      I can see the light,
      But I can’t seem to get out,
      I feel the shadows lurking about,
      Someone gotta save me,
      Someone gotta save me now,
      I feel the room closing in,
      I feel the claws digging into my skin,
      I feel the water choking my heart,
      I’m drowning
      I Can see light,
      But I can’t seem to get out,
      I feel the shadows lurking about,
      Someone gotta save me,
      Someone gotta to save now
      And scrupulosity,
      These things are gonna kill me
      Oh, Lord I pray please help me,
      I can see the light,
      But I can’t seem to get out,
      I feel the shadows lurking about,
      Someone gotta save me,
      Someone gotta save me now
      Salvete populus Portūs Catholicae!
      (Oops, I think I have been doing too much Latin.)
      On this day in February, year of Our Lord two thousand and twenty-four, I plan on instructing you in some relatively simple but interesting ways to make:
      St. Valentine's Day Cards
      These ideas are quite nice to use no matter who you are sending them to. To start off the show, I present to you:
      Cards with Dried and Pressed Flowers
      For this idea you collect flowers that the intended recipient likes, then, after drying and pressing them, you can attach them to your card with glue then apply Modge Podge, or some other sealing glaze, on top. Add a message, either written on or, as in the picture, cut out of something and put together for a different look.
      The result is a nice nature themed card that anyone will enjoy.

      Negative Space Card
      For this type of card, you cut out heart shapes from a thicker paper, any size you want, and use them to cover up spots on your card that then can be colored around.
      Placing the heart shape cut out on the desired location and firmly holding it in place, use a pastel and color an outline around the cutout. Remove the cutout and see your nice white heart shape. :)You can smear the pastel out, as in the example picture, to create a larger outline if you want.
      With these shapes you can do several things. You can make them balloons, as in the example, make them into flowers, or make them into repeating lines of hearts down the page.

      Pop-up Heart
      This design is made of several heart shapes glued together in an accordion fashion.
      Cut out six heart shapes and fold them in half, you can make them all the same color or make them different colors and designs. Glue the backs of the sides together making half of 3-D heart, look at the example picture 1 for guidance.
      Attach it to the card by glueing the heart halves on the outside to the card.
      These can be standalone designs or you can add drawings around them. Also they can be put inside a card by simply by glueing the heart halves on the outside to the card's sides up against the cards fold, as in example 2.
      Example 1:

      Example 2:

      And that’s the end!
      Hope you enjoyed this hastily put together jumble of pictures and words, and found some of it idea inspiring, even if you already made this year's St. Valentine's Day cards. After all there is still Mother's Day and Father's Day that you could make cards for. :)
      Goodbye for now and have fun crafting! ~ @Stulta Artifex
      𝚂𝚠𝚊𝚗 𝙳𝚛𝚊𝚠𝚗

      𝚃𝚑𝚎 𝙻𝚒𝚝𝚝𝚕𝚎 𝙵𝚕𝚘𝚠𝚎𝚛'𝚜 𝙶𝚊𝚛𝚍𝚎𝚗
       by @Bluebell
        Order ~ Malpighiales
      Family ~ Violaceae
      Meaning & Symbolism ~  Violets symbolize modesty, humility, and innocence. They show faith, mystical awareness, inspiration, spiritual passion, loyalty, thoughtfulness, profuseness and sovereignty. Bunches of violets are used as gifts to newlyweds. In the Victorian age, violets were used as a declaration to be always true. I think their lowliness and loveliness makes them the ideal flower for this month, as we celebrate St. Valentines day and have Lent begin!
      Other facts ~ One Christian legend, making violets symbolize the Virgin Mary's humility, is that the flowers blossomed when the angel Gabriel told Mary that she would conceive Jesus. In myth, the first violet sprung from the spilled blood of the god Attis, who killed himself for Cybele, the mother goddess.
      Where they grow best: Violets are sensitive to chemicals in tap water, so it is a good idea to give them water that has been boiled and cooled down, or rain or snow water. High humidity, bright, indirect light, and a light soil (preferably equal parts of peat, perlite, and vermiculite) are where they would grow best.

      𝚃𝚑𝚎 𝚂𝚊𝚒𝚗𝚝𝚕𝚢 𝚂𝚙𝚘𝚝
      By @ellieviola
      Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows
      Feast Day: February 27th
      By the time Francesco Possenti was born in March of 1838, he already was the eleventh child in his family, swiftly followed by two more children in his infancy. Despite having so many mouths to feed and so many hearts to satisfy, however, Sante and Agnes Possenti, Francesco’s parents, never struggled to provide for both the physical and emotional needs of their family. Unfortunately, while the children’s material needs were more than adequately cared for, little attention was shown to their souls, and the Possenti children grew up in a most wild manner. Of all the Possentis, it was Francesco who surpassed the others in both looks and intelligence, quickly being recognized across his native Piedmont as one the most handsome and eligible young men of the time. A true ladies’ man, Francesco could always be seen at every dance and party surrounded by the beauties of the town; at one point, he was even engaged to two different young women at the same time, each believing that she alone possessed his heart. Francesco was immensely passionate in all aspects of his life, dominated by powerful emotions that quite overwhelmed his family and friends, for Francesco was always too angry, too happy, or too miserable to please anyone.
      Although Francesco was rarely seen without his bold and cheerful exterior, he had more than enough reasons to be sorrowful, for his childhood had continually been plagued by tragedy. When he was only four years old, two of his sisters died, followed by his dear mother only a few days later. Then, when he was nearly ten years old, Francesco’s brother was killed in a war, and again, not even five years later, the Possenti’s suffered another loss as one of Francesco’s eldest brothers took his own life. These tragedies scarcely seemed to affect Francesco in his youth, however, remaining just as vibrant and enthusiastic as ever despite his losses. 
      It was not until Francesco’s formative years at school that his life truly took a turn for the better as his soul began to be touched by the Lord. Struck by a devastating illness, Francesco was compelled at last to turn to God and His Blessed Mother for aid, imploring them for healing and promising in return his own life as a priestly brother. Incredibly, Francesco recovered almost immediately, but, so overjoyed to be back amongst his worldly companions and pleasures once more, he quickly forgot his promise to the Lord. Again this remarkable incident occurred, this time during Francesco’s time at a Jesuit university. Again, fearful of death and left with no earthly being to turn to, Francesco turned to his heavenly Mother and her Divine Son, swearing once again that he would enter into their service if only he would be healed. Once again Francesco swiftly recovered; once again he forgot his promise. Then, while at a church procession, Francesco was given an inexplicable miracle that left him no possibility of forgetfulness: the banner of Our Lady, Help of Christians turned her eyes directly upon Francesco, saying, “Keep your promise.” Francesco was awestruck. After all, it appeared that his recoveries had been nothing short of miraculous, for Our Lady herself was directly interceding for him and now expected him to fulfill his promise. This time, of course, Francesco did not forget, but became filled with a holy zeal as passionate and fiery as the rest of his nature.
      Upon his arrival home, Francesco anxiously approached his father with the news of his decision, fearing that it would be rejected because of his father’s lack of regard for spiritual matters. As he expected, Sante Possenti did not take kindly to his son’s notion and was determined to ignore it entirely by immersing Francesco in even more parties, dances, and social gaieties than before. Unfortunately for him, Sante did not account for his son’s new resolve and his passionate personality. Francesco was so imbued with the Holy Ghost that not even his old temptations could sway him from dedicating his life to the Lord. Thus, as soon as his college studies were complete, Francesco entered the Passionist monastery in Morrovalle, answering the call of his Lord and taking on the name of his Mother, becoming Brother Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows. He was only eighteen years old at the time.
      Once in the novitiate, the true depths of Gabriel’s soul were revealed. His ardent nature was not quelled by taking on the holy habit; rather, his passions were finally put to good use, filling him with such a love of Christ Crucified and the Sorrowful Virgin so as to make him outstanding amongst his fellow brothers. None among them followed the Passionist rule as faithfully as he; none were so desirous of bodily penances; none displayed such internal and external obedience to the will of both earthly and Divine superiors. Gabriel, once one of the most attractive, engaging, and highly sought-after men of his time, had disappeared from the public eye to hide himself within the two who truly possessed his heart: Jesus Christ and the Blessed Virgin. 
      Little is known of the time Gabriel spent within the novitiate’s walls aside from his exemplary holiness and deep spirituality that can be drawn from the writings he left behind, but one tale in particular has survived the test of time and has quite been transformed into legend. On a brief journey from his novitiate, Brother Gabriel encountered a band of marauders who were raiding a village and were attempting to abduct a young woman. Without a second thought, Gabriel plunged into the midst of the tumult, finding a handgun with which to defend himself. Gabriel had not forgotten the shooting skills of his wild youth, and, after a brief skirmish where Gabriel stood alone and armed with a mere handgun among the violent marauders, the invaders fled, leaving the young monk unharmed and rejoicing in his victory. No doubt he made an imposing figure in his lengthy black cassock adorned with the Passionist patches as he courageously defended the villagers from the mercenaries, for this story of Gabriel’s bravery and passion has become one of the most beloved.
      While still in his first year of seminary, Gabriel’s love of adventure and zeal for souls led him to apply for a foreign mission, where he hoped to better serve the Lord as soon as his ordination was complete. The monk’s dream never came to pass, for Gabriel was once again struck with a grave illness and was destined to die. This time, however, the good Lord and His Mother did not heal His servant, but called him home to enjoy the bliss of heaven. Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows succumbed to tuberculosis in 1862, ending his short twenty-four years of life and rejoining his Savior on February 27th. His fellow brothers who surrounded him at the moment of his death were astounded to see Gabriel sit up and look towards the door of the room as if welcoming someone – he who was weak and barely conscious because of his disease – and knew at once that their Blessed Mother walked in their midst to bring her faithful servant to his joyful eternity in the presence of her Son. Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows was beatified in 1908 and was canonized in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV, who named him the patron of students and Catholic youth. He serves as a beautiful example of a courageous lover of Christ, one who was determined to always do the will of His Lord through the path of His Mother.
      Saint Gabriel of Our Lady of Sorrows, passionate patron of youth, ora pro nobis!
      That's all for now, folks! Have a blessed and penitent Lenten season.
      With love from the Carmelite Contributors: @Bluebell , @Rina Maria, @Cath, @KoalaTash, @CatholicIrishDancer , @Bluebird29, @Isabel, @The Horse Enthusiast, @HallieMae, @Stulta Artifex, @ellieviola   & The Theresian House!
    • Dr. Watson
      1 comment
      Welcome all, to the ninth issue of the Dominican Dispatch! 
      House News
      By: The Editor (@Dr. Watson)
      As one might expect, the activity has been lessened of late, and chiefly due to the onset of the Lenten season. 
      First and foremost, the details of the next debate call have been decided, and the topic of the call will be on the controversy of open borders. The scheduled time for the call is the 26th of this month. 
      Second, due to the unfortunate lack of interest previously in WoodElf's "Fallacy Frenzy" topic, it was concluded that a second chance would be taken to see if a suitable number of participants could be scrounged up. One may find the respective topic here, and if interested, should express such posthaste, for the event may begin in little time. 
      Third, the book club's discussion of Outlaws of Ravenhurst is almost over, with the next book having not been chosen yet.  
      Fourth, following the elections for Congress earlier this month, a topic for the House level government has been made in the Priory. 
      Lastly, our house wishes a most mirthful welcome to our newest member:
      Welcome, we hope you enjoy your time as a member of our house! 
      The Controversy Column
      There’s a suggested resolution for a debate at the end of each controversial article (Made by The Editor/Author this time around). Anyone is welcome to start that debate or one on the topic in Dominican’s Disputations. The author does not have to participate in the debate if it occurs, but it is assumed that what they say in the article will be taken account of in the debate.
      Pro Arms not Pro Guns
      By: @Samurai
      Today, in this modern world we see two main arguments against guns.  First, that the founding fathers could not have imagined modern and if they could have, they never would have used the term arms.  Second, that nations with gun control are safer than nations with out.  When in actuality is that it is because they never could have imaged future war arms that they used the terminology arms.  Furthermore, outside of nuclear bombs and lazars, the idea of most modern weapons are older than the founding fathers and are displayed in history, in multiple of examples.  While some of those nations seem promising the nations that are the safest have the highest rates of arms among the people. 
      First, there is no law in the constitution saying a civilian can’t own a warship.  This certainly would have raised concerns as many of the founding fathers including Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the Constitution, hated pirates.  For the first classes stating the US navy’s purpose is to destroy pirates.  That being the case why other than to become pirates would a citizen need a fleet for?  Perhaps they would need to fight a tyrannical government at some point?  Perhaps our founding fathers foresaw this.  Even though even at the time ships could easily cause massive mayhem in a city’s port, or disrupting trade in its waters.  Yet no law was made.
      Thirdly, the founding fathers would have been familiarly with designs of Leonardo de Vinci flying machine, and with man’s ability to fly proven by a German monk, and man’s inclination to make anything into a weapon of war that they can, proven by navel war and fireworks.  The Founding Fathers certainly would have had theories of aerospace war.  While tank war far was first used in mass in WWI, the first example of such armored war was supposedly used in the 15th century by Jan Zizka.  And again, with Leonardo designing similar such machines.  The concept of a “panzer” or “Tank” or even air craft would not have been foreign as space warfare is to us. 
      Considering these facts, it is clear that when the founding fathers said “arms” it is because they could and did for see the great potential of the tools of war.  Though they realized it would eventually advance beyond what they could realize it was not to an unforeseeable point until very recently.  Machine guns and tanks would have been well with in the realm of reason.  Realizing this they would have then made the correct judgement, to then realize that weapons would develop past what they could foresee.  And thus, they said Arms not muskets, not guns, not projectiles. 
                  Now, as great as the low crime in Australia seems, it is not the safest place.  Well Australian government is now being tyrannical.  Also its not the safest country despite one of the lowest rates of gpp.   It is beaten by Switzerland, which has almost as of a gpp(guns per person) as America.  Further more if guns equal violence, then the US should have the highest rates of violence.  We are not even in the top ten.  Britain beats us another island nation with gun control.  These red herring arguments hold no water against the facts.  And the facts remain that the founding fathers said Arms and that heavily armed populations are safer than those who are not
      Theological Reflections
      The Fourteen Holy Helpers
      By: @Varda
      The Fourteen Holy Helpers is a group of saints invoked for special needs. Devotion to the Fourteen Holy Helpers is believed to began in 14th-century Germany during the bubonic plague. They were called “Nothelfer”, meaning “Helpers in Need” in German. Over time the devotion spread to other countries, and because of differentiating translations some countries refer to them by different names. In some places their feast is kept on August 8th, but it is not an official feast day as the saints each have individual feasts. Most of them are early Church martyrs, and many of the facts of their lives are uncertain as they lived so long ago. Here they are:
      1. St. Acatius- He was a fourth century captain in the Roman official. Some say he was crowned with thorns and was eventually beheaded.
      Feast Day-May 7th.
      Patronage: Against Headaches
      2. St. Barbara- Third century virgin killed by her own father, who was struck with lightning as punishment very soon after.
      Feast Day: December 4th.
      Patronage: Against Lighting and Fire, also against fever and sudden death.
      3. St. Blaise- Fourth century Armenian bishop and martyr who is known for having cured a child who was choking on a fishbone.
      Feast Day: February 3rd.
      Patronage: Against Throat Ailments and protection from domestic animals.
      4. St. Catherine of Alexandra- She was a fourth century Egyptian virgin-martyr famous for her learning.
      Feast Day: November 25th.
      Patronage: For lawyers and philosophers, sudden death, theologians, maidens, students, potters, wheelwrights, and against diseases of the tongue.
      5. St. Christopher- Third century martyr known by the name Christopher or Christophorus (Christ-bearer) because of a legend in which he carried the Child Jesus across a river.
      Feast Day: July 25th.
      Patronage: Sudden death, and dangers in travel.
      6. St. Cyriacus- Fourth century deacon and martyr. Legend has it he cured Diocletian’s daughter of blindness.
      Feast Day: August 8th.
      Patronage: Eye diseases, demonic possession, and temptation.
      7. St. Denis- Third century missionary to France and Bishop of Paris. According to legend, after he was martyred by beheading he picked up his head and walked; hence he is often pictured with his head in his hands.
      Feast Day: October 9th.
      Patronage: Headache and demonic possession.
      8. St. Erasmus- Sometimes called Elmo, he was a fourth century Italian bishop and martyr. He is a favorite of sailors.
      Feast Day: June 2nd.
      Patronage: Stomach ailments
      9. St. Eustace- By some accounts he was a second century general in Trajan’s army. When he was hunting he saw a stag with a cross between its antlers and converted along with his entire family. He was martyred by being burned alive.
      Feast Day: September 20th.
      Patronage: Against Fire (Temporal and Eternal), patron of hunters, trappers, and anyone facing trouble.
      10. St. George- Fourth century soldier and martyr under Diocletian. By the legends he killed a dragon to save a princess; some say this is an allegory meaning he defeated Satan and helped save the Church.
      Feast Day: April 23rd.
      Patronage: Patron of animals, diseases, soldiers, and Britain.
      11. St. Giles- Sometimes called Aegidius, he was a seventh century monk who founded a Benedictine community in France and allegedly told Charles Martel to go to confession.
      Feast Day: September 1st.
      Patronage: Plague, mental ills, nightmares, for good confessions, and for cripples.
      12. St. Margaret of Antioch- Fourth century virgin-martyr converted by her nurse.
      Feast Day: July 17th.
      Patronage: Women in childbirth, kidney diseases, and invoked for protection against the devil.
      13. St. Pantaleon- Doctor and martyr employed by an emperor. His blood, preserved in Ravello, Italy, liquefies every year (this is a very interesting miracle I totally recommend you look into it).
      Feast Day: July 27th.
      Patronage: Doctors, midwives, women in childbirth, and against lung diseases.
      14. St. Vitus- A fourth century Sicilian who was converted by his nurse and her husband; later they were all martyred together.
      Feast Day: June 15th.
      Patronage: Against epilepsy, lighting, animal bites, and storms.
      Here is a Prayer to the 14 Holy Helpers:
      Fourteen Holy Helpers, who served God in humility and confidence on earth and are now in the enjoyment of His beatific vision in Heaven; because thou persevered till death thou gained the crown of eternal life. Remember the dangers that surround us in this vale of tears, and intercede for us in all our needs and adversities. Amen.
      Fourteen Holy Helpers, select friends of God, I honor thee as mighty intercessors, and come with filial confidence to thee in my needs, for the relief of which I have undertaken to make this novena. Help me by thy intercession to placate God’s wrath, which I have provoked by my sins, and aid me in amending my life and doing penance. Obtain for me the grace to serve God with a willing heart, to be resigned to His holy will, to be patient in adversity and to persevere unto the end, so that, having finished my earthly course, I may join thee in Heaven, there to praise for ever God, Who is wonderful in His Saints.
      The Science Section
      Dwarf Planet Series Part Two: Eris
      By: @Tillie_the_Turtle
      In the last issue, we took a quick look at the planet so popular that all the little planets in the Kuiper belt region are now known as plutoids, but now, we shift our gaze to lesser-known Eris, the second largest dwarf planet to Pluto, which played a big role in Pluto’s story, but has nowhere near the fame and notoriety of its only slightly larger rival.
      Eris is named after the Greek goddess of strife and discord, and this is fitting for the planet that marked the beginning of the end for Pluto and the other dwarf planets. According to NASA, Mike Brown’s discovery of Eris in 2005  “trigger(ed) a debate in the scientific community that led to the International Astronomical Union's decision in 2006 to clarify the definition of a planet. Pluto, Eris, and other similar objects are now classified as dwarf planets.”
      Believed at first to be as big as Pluto or bigger, Eris, it turns out, is slightly smaller than Pluto with a diameter of about 1,440 miles. Both Eris and Pluto are about 1/5 the width of Earth. However, Eris is more massive than Pluto, even though it’s not as big. This is why it was originally thought to be the new biggest trans-Neptunian object (minor planet beyond Neptune). 
      One of the most interesting things about Eris is its orbit. You may not know this, but most planets orbit on the same flat plane as all the other planets and have slightly elliptical orbits but stay about the same distance from the sun throughout their orbits. Scientists don’t yet know why, but the trans-Neptunian dwarf planets break all of these rules, and Eris breaks them more severely than any other. The below picture shows the orbits of the dwarf planets in the area rightfully called the Scattered Disk.

      This is the main reason that, despite its highly reflective surface, Eris took a lot longer to discover than Pluto. It spends most of its 557 earth-year-long orbit in an area no one would even think to check.
      Like Pluto, Eris’s weirdly shaped orbit means it only has an atmosphere when it is at its closest to the sun. As it moves farther away, that atmosphere freezes and falls to the ground as snow, which eventually thaws and floats back up as an atmosphere.
      Unlike Pluto, which has five moons, one so big that Pluto orbits it as well as it orbiting Pluto, Eris has only one small moon called Dysnomia, the name of Eris' daughter in Greek mythology, the demon goddess of lawlessness. Dysnomia has a nearly circular orbit lasting about 16 days, and it, like other moons, was used by astronomers to roughly calculate the mass of the object it orbits. One final fact about Eris is that despite its really long year compared to Earth’s years, its days are only slightly longer than those of Earth, taking 25.9 hours to complete one rotation. 
      Well, that’s all for Eris, but look out for the next issue, where we will look at another planet in the scattered disk, this one with days that are not comparable to Earth’s, like Eris’, but also nothing like the lengthy days on Pluto.
      L’Article de Belles-Lettres
      Most unfortunately, an article was not able to be written for this issue.
      Cultural Corner
      By: @Satoko
      Kintsugi is a traditional Japanese art, dating back to the late 15th century. The Japanese variant of the name, kintsukuroi, means ‘golden repair’, giving a hint as to its use. Lacquerware having long been a craft in Japan, kintsugi might have originated from an aesthetic means of repairing broken pottery. Kintsugi is applied when a broken pot or piece of ceramic is fitted back together, using urushi lacquer mixed or dusted with gold dust to seal it back together. This became an art, so much so that some craftsmen would deliberately smash costly vases to apply this art to them. The piece having been fixed by this art is a symbol that breaking is part of an object’s life, and not the end of it. Kintsugi is now practiced in other places besides Japan, and has inspired many new variations of this artform.
      The Home for History
      Daniel Joseph Daly
      By: @Samurai
      My brother and sisters in Dominican, this story is about a man named Daniel Daly.  A man who was so heroic they needed to make a law about how many times you can receive the medal of honor, the highest honor of the land. 
               He was born in November of 1873, on Long Island, New York.  He was orphaned young and made a living being a newspaper boy.  Something that seems insignificant but it meant he kept up on the latest news.  And on the 21 of April 1898, the US declared war on the Spanish.  When the USS Maine blew up in Havana harbor two months earlier, the Spanish American war kicked off.  Dan immediately joined the marine crop at 26 years old. By size, he was a small man (5'6" in height, 132 lbs), but had established himself as an amateur boxer.  due to the slow-moving news by the time he was done with training, the war was over.  That America for you, not a fact but I am fairly confident that America has gotten into more wars over sinking ships than any other cause. 
               This setback didn’t stop Daly from seeing action though.  In the Jahr 1900, the boxer rebellion kicked off.  For those who don’t know the boxer rebellion is a group of Chinese who practiced some form of martial arts and they believed it made them invincible to physical harm.  An instance when Austrian Machine gunners aimed too high perpetuated this myth. .  According to the marine corp- “Famine struck large parts of China in 1899, causing massive riots amongst the population. Christian missionaries and their converts were assaulted as "third-degree devils," blaming the foreigners for the famine.  In the provinces near the Chinese capital of Peking, secret societies formed. One of these societies was the "I Ho Chaun," better known as the "Fists of Righteous Harmony." The Europeans were dubbed "Boxers" due to their Kung Fu style fighting stance,”
                 But back to Daly, in May 1900, Pvt. Dan Daly was aboard the USS Newark headed for Taku Bay, China to Peking so he and his fellow marines were tasked with defending American ambassadors to China and other assets in Peking.  The marines went to the legation Quarters, a section of the city of Peking that many nations were defending.  The Americans and the Germans were to guard the tartar wall, which was really a tower that could not be allowed to fall.  On august 13th the Boxers launched a general attack starting at dusk and not ending till dawn.  during this, circumstances required that private Daly hold the most crucial point of the wall alone.  All other marines were forced to other barricades.  Armed with only a Lee-Winchester Navy Straight-Pull Rifle, an M1895 bayonet, and one canteen of water. Private Daniel Daly held alone repulsing wave after wave through the night when marines were finally able to reinforce him the boxers had already stopped coming.  As one story goes, they heard his rifle fire stop and they feared the worst, only to find him smoking.  And when asked why he stopped shooting he said, they stopped coming. 
               “During the legation siege at Peking during the Boxer Rebellion, Dan Daly single-handedly defended a critical section of the American defenses against repeated attacks by hundreds of Chinese "Boxers," resulting in about 200 dead or dying Chinese by dawn. His actions ensured the security of a crucial point on the perimeter wall, saving hundreds of lives in the Foreign Legation Quarters. For his actions in August 1900, Daly received the first of his two Medals of Honor. “ 
      Now if you think this was the most impressive display of valor by Daniel Daly.  You would be wrong. 
      Saintly Synopsis
      St. Philomena the Greek from Rome
      By: @Samurai
      St. Philomena, a young Christian and Helen from Rome.  Daughter of a Helen king who converted to Christianity.  While still young she swore a vow of virginity.  Diocletian is said to have had proposed to her at a mere 13 years old.  She refused him and was subjected to torture.  She according to the stories was scourged, drowned, and repeatedly subjected to arrow fire.  Through all of this she was constantly healed by angles.  She was finally decapitated at three on a Friday.  The same time as our Lord.    Two anchors, three arrows, a palm symbol of martyrdom, and a flower were found on the tiles in her tomb, interpreted as symbols of her martyrdom. 
      Food for Thought
      Quote Submitted by: @Mairi
      “There are two ways to get enough. One is to continue to accumulate more and more. The other is to desire less.”
      -Gilbert Keith Chesterton
      By: The Editor
      That appears to be all that is in store for this issue, comrades. As always, our contributor's immense work and dedication is appreciated, as is our viewers time spent reading this ninth issue of the Dominican Dispatch. Many thanks to all for their investment of time! 
      God bless, and until next the next issue, farewell! 
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